A colonoscopy procedure allows a gastroenterologist to evaluate the condition of the colon, also known as the large intestine. The device used, a colonoscope, is a long, flexible tube with a light source and camera at the tip. The colonoscope is inserted into the anus. It is then slowly advanced into the rectum and through the colon. The image is displayed on a remote monitor.
Why Is a Colonoscopy Procedure Performed?
The vast majority of colonoscopies are performed as a part of cancer screening. There are also other reasons why the colonoscopy procedure in Dallas, TX is performed. It is used to determine why there is blood in the stool, to research the reasons for abdominal pain, as well as changes in bowel habits.
How frequently a colonoscopy should be done depends on the risk factor and any abnormalities found in previous treatments. Anyone with a family history of cancer should consider having his or her first colonoscopy at the age of 50.
What to Expect During a Colonoscopy
For the results of the treatment to be exact, it is imperative that the colon is completely void. Before the procedure, patients are instructed on the cleaning procedure. It means drinking a cleansing solution, a clear liquid diet, and laxatives.
Before the procedure commences, intravenous fluid is started. The patient is placed on a monitor that watches blood pressure, heart rhythm, and oxygen levels in the blood. A sedative is introduced through the intravenous line. The patient is placed on his or her side as the colonoscope is slowly inserted and advanced. Once the scope reaches the tip of the small intestine, it is slowly withdrawn as the gastroenterologist examines the colon. Typically, a colonoscopy procedure takes up to an hour. Visit Viral Kumar Patel MD website for more information.