Much of Connecticut has been turned into residential, commercial, and institutional property characterized by buildings and pavement. A fair amount of this state’s land also remains green, with farms, parks, orchards, and vineyards. When excavation in Guilford, CT is planned in order to build any features from new roads to parking lots to tennis courts, the natural environment must always be considered as well as the possibility this area should be protected for historical or archaeological reasons.
It may be surprising to many individuals to learn that archaeological research is ongoing in Connecticut and other areas of New England. Someone who has spent any time meandering around the Connecticut countryside, however, has likely come across the ruins of an old building. Perhaps only a part of a stone foundation remains, or there may be part of a wall or two covered in weed growth and wildflowers.
Scientists have been researching air scans of the countryside and have found old roads and other features that would not have been easily identifiable without modern technology. In some cases, it appears that residents left old settlements for more urban areas. Sometimes, the imagery indicates Native American settlements. Before excavation in Guilford, CT and the surrounding area can be undertaken, scientists urge property owners to allow an evaluation of the land to make sure nothing of historical or archaeological interest should be reviewed first.
Fortunately for property owners, most Connecticut land that has not already been designated as a protected area is not associated with this type of concern. Property owners who are aware of old ruins on the land may want to contact an appropriate organization or a government agency to see if they want to investigate further. Typically, when someone wants to have a paved recreational court built or a commercial feature such as a parking lot, the land is already clear of any structures, and there is no record of any having been there. Excavation by a company such as Atwater Paving, as well as filling and grading of the area, may be necessary to make the surface even and suitable for installing asphalt or concrete.